Who is the FDA?

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is a branch of the federal government that enforces laws and regulations to ensure the safety of all food except for meat, poultry and some egg products; ensures the safety and effectiveness of all drugs, biological products (including blood, vaccines, and tissues for transplantation), medical devices, and animal drugs and feed; and makes sure that cosmetics and medical and consumer products that emit radiation do no harm. The Food and Drugs Act was created in 1908 and has changed over the years to include many new and different products. Currently, the FDA regulates over a trillion dollars’ worth of products every year.

What are CBD and THC?

Cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are two natural compounds found in plants of the cannabis genus. Both of these compounds have very similar make up (21 carbon atoms, 30 hydrogen atoms and 2 oxygen atoms) and both interact with your body’s endocannabinoid system but they have very different effects. One of the biggest differences is the “high” that THC produces that CBD does not. CBD is used more for medical reasons to help with anxiety, depression, and seizures. THC reacts with the cannabinoid and produces a sense of euphoria.

Does the FDA regulate THC?

Currently, the FDA has some regulations regarding THC and the products that use it. If a product contains less than 0.3 percent by weight, it is considered legal; anything above this level is illegal. However, some states also have localized regulations that override the FDA regulations. This means that some states will allow all products with THC and some states will only allow certain products and not others. Some states will not allow any THC products.  There is a concern that companies are not following the regulations and they are not completing testing or are misleading with the product information regarding the amount of THC in it.

Medicine or dietary supplement

The FDA has regulated THC in various forms. It was used for medicinal purposes and was regulated under the FDA as a medicine. Now there is a push to have it used as a dietary product or used as adult entertainment such as alcohol. This change means that there will have to be changes to the FDA regulation of products that are using THC. It is hard to regulate as medicine and then have people argue that it is no longer medicine. How the FDA regulates the THC in products may vary depending on the product and the use of the product as well as the THC level in each product.

Should the FDA regulate THC?

There are two opposing sides when answering this question. One side may advocate that THC is natural and it is our own body and that there should not be regulations for THC or products that contain THC. Another side may look at the chemical reaction from THC on a person and think that there should be some regulations for the safety and health of those consuming or using these products. There should be regulations in the packaging and with transparency in the levels of THC and other compounds being used. The FDA regulates other chemical drugs; what if other chemicals used for medicinal purposes were not transparent and regulated? Think of the potentially dangerous outcome that this could have. THC products could have similar outcomes if the FDA does not regulate these products.

In conclusion, The FDA has regulations in place for THC products to ensure safe consumption. Each state also has its own regulations regarding THC products that need to be adhered to as well. There is a discussion about how the FDA regulates THC products – are they regulated as medicinal or as a diet supplement? Each of these has different levels of regulations. The FDA will also regulate the packaging and labeling of THC products to ensure that people understand what they are putting into their bodies. The FDA will continue to have a role in the regulation of THC products.